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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 19, 2013 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored
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solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." is bbc world news america, reporting from washington. two bombs explode outside the iranian embassy in beirut. cyclone cleopatra brings more to sardinia.er more than 18 children with the mayor calls and apocalyptic storm. jpmorgan chase agrees for a settlementbillion for misleading investors during the housing crisis.
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welcome to our viewers around the globe. more uncertainty in an already tense middle east after a huge bomb attack in beirut. the target was the iranian embassy. at least 23 were killed. the war in syria has created a lot of instability in lebanon. a lebaneseoups -- group fighting alongside syrian rebels has claimed responsibility for the attack. paul wood has this report. >> a man wearing a suicide belt rushed to the outer wall of the embassy and detonated. next came a car bomb. that may have been a suicide attack, too. eyewitnesses say iranian guards rushed out after the first blast and were killed in the second.
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it appears many bystanders died as well. sectarian feelings were running high, holding the promise of more violence. people won't fight us face-to-face. so they use suicide bombers. let them face us. we are ready for them. >> casting blame using the standard e-mail griffey here in shiite -- standard demonography here in shiite south beirut. there are a lot of rumors here. the most likely theory is it is something to do with syria. it is not the first time the civil war in syria has reached across the border to cause mayhem here. it is not the first time there has been an attack in shiite south beirut.
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on everyone knows an attack an iranian target is something different. the attack could be linked to this. syrian rebels are under pressure from a regime offensive. last supply routes into lebanon are close to being cut off. the refugees are fleeing over the border, coming from areas held by the rebels for two years. to accomplish this, the regime is getting help from iran and from its lebanese allies, hezbo llah. is it payback for what the iranians are doing in syria? >> it is a message. say, everyoneto is convinced that the solution in syria is a political solution. who did this now, i think,
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doesn't want a political solution. >> more violence in lebanon certainly one help a negotiated end to the war in syria, but iran has the capability to hit back, here or in, if it wants to. lebanese are watching nervously to see what this unprecedented attack will mean. bbc news, beirut. >> for more on the violence, i spoke a short time ago with the washington bureau chief of "al- arabia." we heard the conspiracy theories tonight. who do you think was behind the attack? >> i spoke with sources in beirut. everybody says this is related to the conflict in syria. unfortunately, it has been involved in the war. it is the function of the intensifying sectarian warfare inside syria itself. i was not surprised. this is not the first bombing. unfortunately, it is not the
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last bombing. >> you suggest this might be people associated with syrian rebels taking revenge for hezbollah's activities in syria? >> this is a group that is affiliated with al qaeda. if it is the same group that did that, carrying out this terror attack. obviously this is a function of growing rifts between the sunnis and shias. the announcement was "two sunni heroes carrying out the attack." the sectarian overtones are clear. regardless of conspiracy theories, everybody thinks this is part of the syrian war and it will continue. >> this is the first attack against iranian targets. attack against iranian official government. >> how would you expect iran to respond? >> the official iranian response was interesting. calming the situation. by accusing the israelis when
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everyone knows the israelis are probably not involved, that is their way of trying to diver the attention. there will probably be retaliation, if not from them, maybe from some of the pro- iranian groups in lebanon. this is a cycle of violence that is likely to continue as long as the conflict in syria is not resolved. >> all the indications seem to be over the last few weeks, months even, militarily, the president assad is gaining ground inside syria. how do you think an attack like this changes the equation? does an attack like this change the equation? >> inside syria, no. in iran, damascus, aleppo, they are making advances. the rebels are advancing in other areas. the regime is gaining more momentum. the rebels are fighting among each other, particularly the extremist islamists are fighting amongst each other and are probably helping the regime, directly or indirectly.
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the conflict in syria may continue -- will continue to rage on. he may succeed tactically on the ground. the damascus area, the coast. but he is not going to re-impose his control over all of syria. what you might see is some sort of soft partition of syria, a awalit --alawite area on the coast, a kurdish area. syria is becoming like the spanish civil war in the 1930's, dragon fighters and so forth, volunteers from the rest of the arab world, the muslim world, the sunni world, the shia world. >> thank you very much for coming to join me. the cyclone called cleopatra has swept through the mediterranean island of sardinia, killing at least 18 people, including four children. it is a very rare event, and local officials say many fatalities occurred when vehicles and bridges were simply swept away by the water.
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reportsprice report -- from sardinia. >> they have seen nothing like it in decades in this normally sun-kissed holiday paradise. it was, said one official, apocalyptic. >> kids didn't have anything. they were naked. they managed to get out by the back stairs. virtually swimming. the water came up to my chest. >> we followed some officials down one blocked road as the rain started falling and. not what they need. around the corner, this is what the cyclone had done. >> there was, we are told, a wall of water that swept down this valley, picking up trees and debris as it went. as you see, depositing them on top of the bridge, having ripped away the tarmac from the surface. there is another bridge just there. if you look at that, we are told the water swept away. it must've been eight or nine meters high.
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thousands have been evacuated from their homes. search and rescue teams are still trying to reach all the affected areas. four drowned as the water flooded their home. bridges collapsed. three died when their car was crushed under one. there are roadblocks across the northern half of the island, making the emergency response even more difficult. >> there is a crater down the road. still expecting more bad weather. the road could collapse at any time. >> the government held an emergency meeting this morning, setting aside 20 million euros to help pay for the temporary housing and rebuilding that is urgently needed. matthew price, bbc news, sardinia. >> there does seem to be a lot of deadly weather around the world at the moment. today the banking giant jpmorgan chase agreed to a record of $13t -- settlement
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billion with american regulators. the penalty comes from misleading investors during the housing crisis. for more, i spoke to nick bryant outside the bank's headquarter in new york. i started by asking, since they still face other probes, where does this fall? >> this is the end of the civil settlement, but it is not jpmorgan getting out of the woods. there are still criminal investigations ongoing from the justice department. this is for misleading investors, for selling mortgage backed securities that they knew contained faulty mortgages. that is what this settlement is for. it is huge. the$13 billion dwarfs previous record, the $4 billion bp had to fork out in response to the gulf of mexico oil spill is asked her. -- disaster. the believe from wall street is this is a very profitable bank and they can take this financial
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hit. to go directly to homeowners. is that retribution for what they may have suffered, and how far will that actually go? >> it is interesting how the settlement divides up. some of it is in penalties to prosecutors. some of it isn't compensation -- some of it is compensation for investors misled by jpmorgan. some of it, as you say, is financial relief for ordinary americans struggling to make -- pay for mortgages, especially those who face foreclosure. will it satisfy them? many people, frankly, would prefer to see criminal charges being brought. some of the executives, people accused to be allegedly behind this, facing criminal charges. that is something we will wait to see what happens. this was the end of the civil settlement for the justice department, but the criminal investigation is ongoing.
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>> thanks ray much, nick. -- very much, nick. now, the drinking habits of city mayors don't often occupy the news, but when toronto's mayor says he's finished with alcohol it makes global headlines. this is the latest chapter in a saga that has embroiled the city , sparked by the mayor's admission of using crack cocaine. for more on the increasingly unbelievable story, i spoke a short time ago with david willis, joining me from toronto city hall. david, rob ford has given a series of television interviews. is he apologizing to the people of toronto for his behavior? >> far from it. the exact opposite. he says he will fight and there will be a war over the next election, he says, and he will basically show a lot of these people what they are missing out on. he says there will be a war and he will win it. rob ford has been rather
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divisive on the political scene here in toronto. they like their politics a little more genteel. this is a calm face. it has been called new york, only run by the swiss. the feeling is growing that he is becoming a liability and has started to harm toronto's image overseas. >> explain this to me. pollslooking at opinion in toronto, not something i do terribly often. it looks like rob ford's approval ratings have actually risen since he admitted to smoking crack cocaine. what is his base of support in the city? >> it is interesting. rob ford was elected three years ago on a platform of ending the gravy train, as he put it. that was the spending, the frivolous spending, as he sighed, here at toronto city hall.
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basically, he has gone into battle on behalf of the little man, as he puts it. he is an unlikely champion of the poor, because he himself comes from a very wealthy family. the messageess, resonated with a certain percentage of the population here. and despite the fact people are turning against him, there is still a constituency for rob ford. we saw evidence of it in the weekend, when he was mobbed when turning out at the toronto game. >> mobbed not by opponents, but by supporters in this case. thanks ray much. of rob ford.aga you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, from the battlefields of gettysburg to the fascination in dallas. this -- the assassination in dallas. we look at what presidents lincoln and kennedy share in common. if you have ever taken a selfie --did you even know what it is?
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it has been declared word of the year by people who compile the oxford dictionary. [camera shutters] >> it is the portrait of choice for the internet age. everyone has done it, from presidents and prime ministers to the pope. celebrities use them to stay famous, and fans use them to show they have been close to fame. few can resist the lure of the selfie. defined by oxford dictionary in the online addiction -- edition as "a photograph one has taken of oneself, typically with a smart phone or webcam and uploaded to a social media site." it was chosen as their word of the year after the use grew by 17,000% in 12 months. >> when we choose the word of the year, we discussed the various words we have another shortlisted we cannot decide which one we feel has summed up the year, or has particularly
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gained traction in the last 12 months. >> it used to be that if you wanted an instant self-portrait to share with your friends you had to go to one of these. they only take four or five pictures at a time, and they cost. what has given the selfie staying power is the internet. the first use of the word online is thought to be on this australian website back in 2002. someone posted a picture of injuries he got in a drunken accident. sorry about the photos, it is a selfie, he said. vanessa ellis has taken 10,000 pictures of herself posted next to the world's biggest stars. across the net, there are tens of millions of photos tagged as selfies, and every day there are more. some selfies are harder to get, but may last longer.
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>> 100 50 years ago today, abraham lincoln delivered the yearsburg address -- 150 ago today, abraham lincoln delivered the gettysburg address. this friday will be the 50th anniversary of the assassination of john f. kennedy. history ranks the two men is among the country's most significant leaders. although they occupied the white house a century apart, both presided over a divided nation. in this week important anniversaries, how much has changed? >> at gettysburg in 1863, 51,000 men were killed or injured in three days of battle. to one of the dead, -- top honor the dead, abraham lincoln gave the gettysburg address, the most important speech in american history. in 229 brief, blistering words, lincoln rededicated the american republic to its original ideals.
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four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. the government by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the year. >> to him the american revolution was unfinished. what he called a work only thus far advanced. 150 years on, it is still unfinished. americans are still arguing about how to live the ideals the republic is founded on. still bitterly divided about precisely what the government of the people, by the people, for the people should be. gettysburg and john f. kennedy are connected. both presidents sought to use the power of federal government to force change on conservative states. both tried to force america to live up to its founding ideals as they saw them.
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both made fierce enemies as a result. --what the world was doing the war was doing was preserving this unique system of democracy, republican rule. testing whether this can survive. kennedy, the parallel is, what does he speak of in his inaugural address and focus on during his administration? the struggle for freedom. for liberty. to preserve the democracy that we have here and around the globe. black america -- but black america was excluded from the gettysburg thomas. upheld racial segregation for a century. that century separates lincoln from john f. kennedy. when kennedy began to celebrate towhen kennedy began challenge white supremacy, the white south revolted. that revolved is what brought john kennedy to dallas that fateful day 50 years ago.
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his challenge to white privilege reawakened the old fault line in america, conservative fears of an overweening federal government. right-wing extremist did not kill kennedy, but his visit to dallas to try to appease them did. >> what was the nature of the anti-kennedy sentiment in the south? >> it is better to understand it less as anti-kennedy than anti- washington, anti-federal government sentiment. the two driving elements of american political history are how to deal with race and what role government should play in telling individuals had live their lives. this was the exact cause of the civil war. the same argument that animates civil rights throughout the 1960's, and it is really one of the tensions that drives american politics today. instead of new york or california -- >> at this republican party
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meeting, the outrageous growth of federal power under president obama is a constant theme. this is the latest manifestation of the argument. >> as the pendulum swings to a more statist point of view where the government is in control, we are approaching a time of tyranny. world's -- sees this as the most securely entrenched democracy in history, is it really that bad? >> i see what our government is doing in the redistribution of islth that is is -- it exercising, as only perhaps semantically different than if i were to put a revolver at your had and tell you to give me -- med and tell you to give your wallet. >> there is an on broken line of continuity from gettysburg to dallas to our own age. a struggle between two americas, conservative america that seems to champion the sovereignty of the individual citizen against the state, and another america that seat -- claims to speak for
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progress and seems to harness the power of the state to impose it. it is an argument about what it means to be a true american. >> what it means to be a true american was the issue at gettysburg. embraced by the founding ideals, and who was excluded? americans remain divided about what it really means to be a new nation conceived in liberty. and how to advance that proposition that all men are created equal. >> the tension in american politics that has made the country at the moment so hard to govern. reporting for us there. if you are my age and british, with a soft spot for humor, you grew up on monty python. guess what? the crazy comedy show is back. or than 40 years since it first flying"monty python's circus" will soar again for a live show. on thursday they will announce the venue. the bbc's david has been
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anticipating their return. >> it moved! >> it was long thought the pythons were an ex-comedy team. until today. this brief chat with terry jones. >> that is what i call a dead parrot. getting together and putting on a show, actually. i'm quite excited about it. i hope it makes a lot of money. [laughter] i hope to be able to pay off my mortgage. >> it has been more than 30 years since the last proper python project, and even their old friends are surprised. fory cryer worked with them -- in the 1970's. >> he did mention it.
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keeping something from a. -- me. now i am really intrigued. i was around on their original stage show all those years ago. >> if you want to know why this causes a chaser, this may help -- this is the stage of "spamalot," which he says is lovingly ripped off from "monty python and the holy grail that" it has been a hit on both sides of the atlantic, running for seven years. the fans not only know the jokes, many of them can recite the whole script. ♪ but 40 years on, can they recapture that magic? >> i am slightly surprised. of silly walks with false hips is kind of amusing. i am sure they will find a good angle. >> but why?
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fun, nostalgic, money? --n cleese has had some very expensive divorces, but for the fans it is just another tree. they are probably already rehearsing the outlines. >> excellent news. tune in tomorrow. thanks so much for watching. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture
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new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: j.p. morgan chase agreed to a record settlement with the justice department today over mortgage practices that drove the financial crisis. the price tag: $13 billion. good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead this tuesday, president obama personally appealed to senators to hold off on additional sanctions on iran. we have an exclusive interview with white house national security adviser susan rice. >> ifill: and we remember one of american history's most revered speeches delivered four score and 70 years ago today, abraham lincoln's gettysburg address. >> the speech is powerful in

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